Averaging operator from cell centers to faces (scalar quantities).

This property constructs an averaging operator that maps scalar quantities from cell centers to face. This averaging operator is used when a discrete scalar quantity defined cell centers must be projected to faces. Once constructed, the operator is stored permanently as a property of the mesh. See notes.

(n_faces, n_cells) scipy.sparse.csr_matrix

The scalar averaging operator from cell centers to faces


Let \(\boldsymbol{\phi_c}\) be a discrete scalar quantity that lives at cell centers. average_cell_to_face constructs a discrete linear operator \(\mathbf{A_{cf}}\) that projects \(\boldsymbol{\phi_c}\) to faces, i.e.:

\[\boldsymbol{\phi_f} = \mathbf{A_{cf}} \, \boldsymbol{\phi_c}\]

where \(\boldsymbol{\phi_f}\) approximates the value of the scalar quantity at the faces. For each face, we are performing a weighted average between the values at adjacent cell centers. In 1D, where adjacent cells \(i\) and \(i+1\) have widths \(h_i\) and \(h_{i+1}\), \(\phi\) on face is approximated by:

\[\phi_{i \! + \! 1/2} \approx \frac{h_{i+1} \phi_i + h_i \phi_{i+1}}{h_i + h_{i+1}}\]

On boundary faces, nearest neighbour is used to extrapolate the value from the nearest cell center. Once the operator is construct, the averaging is implemented as a matrix vector product, i.e.:

phi_f = Acf @ phi_c