property DiffOperators.average_edge_to_cell#

Averaging operator from edges to cell centers (scalar quantities).

This property constructs a 2nd order averaging operator that maps scalar quantities from edges to cell centers. This averaging operator is used when a discrete scalar quantity defined on mesh edges must be projected to cell centers. Once constructed, the operator is stored permanently as a property of the mesh. See notes.

(n_cells, n_edges) scipy.sparse.csr_matrix

The scalar averaging operator from edges to cell centers


Let \(\boldsymbol{\phi_e}\) be a discrete scalar quantity that lives on mesh edges. average_edge_to_cell constructs a discrete linear operator \(\mathbf{A_{ec}}\) that projects \(\boldsymbol{\phi_e}\) to cell centers, i.e.:

\[\boldsymbol{\phi_c} = \mathbf{A_{ec}} \, \boldsymbol{\phi_e}\]

where \(\boldsymbol{\phi_c}\) approximates the value of the scalar quantity at cell centers. For each cell, we are simply averaging the values defined on its edges. The operation is implemented as a matrix vector product, i.e.:

phi_c = Aec @ phi_e


Here we compute the values of a scalar function on the edges. We then create an averaging operator to approximate the function at cell centers. We choose to define a scalar function that is strongly discontinuous in some places to demonstrate how the averaging operator will smooth out discontinuities.

We start by importing the necessary packages and defining a mesh.

>>> from discretize import TensorMesh
>>> import numpy as np
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> h = np.ones(40)
>>> mesh = TensorMesh([h, h], x0="CC")

Then we create a scalar variable on edges,

>>> phi_e = np.zeros(mesh.nE)
>>> xy = mesh.edges
>>> phi_e[(xy[:, 1] > 0)] = 25.0
>>> phi_e[(xy[:, 1] < -10.0) & (xy[:, 0] > -10.0) & (xy[:, 0] < 10.0)] = 50.0

Next, we construct the averaging operator and apply it to the discrete scalar quantity to approximate the value at cell centers.

>>> Aec = mesh.average_edge_to_cell
>>> phi_c = Aec @ phi_e

And plot the results:

>>> fig = plt.figure(figsize=(11, 5))
>>> ax1 = fig.add_subplot(121)
>>> mesh.plot_image(phi_e, ax=ax1, v_type="E")
>>> ax1.set_title("Variable at edges", fontsize=16)
>>> ax2 = fig.add_subplot(122)
>>> mesh.plot_image(phi_c, ax=ax2, v_type="CC")
>>> ax2.set_title("Averaged to cell centers", fontsize=16)
>>> plt.show()

(Source code, png, pdf)


Below, we show a spy plot illustrating the sparsity and mapping of the operator

>>> fig = plt.figure(figsize=(9, 9))
>>> ax1 = fig.add_subplot(111)
>>> ax1.spy(Aec, ms=1)
>>> ax1.set_title("Edge Index", fontsize=12, pad=5)
>>> ax1.set_ylabel("Cell Index", fontsize=12)
>>> plt.show()

(png, pdf)