discretize.CurvilinearMesh

class discretize.CurvilinearMesh(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: discretize.base.base_mesh.BaseRectangularMesh, discretize.DiffOperators.DiffOperators, discretize.InnerProducts.InnerProducts, discretize.View.CurviView

CurvilinearMesh is a mesh class that deals with curvilinear meshes.

Example of a curvilinear mesh:

import discretize
X, Y = discretize.utils.exampleLrmGrid([3,3],'rotate')
mesh = discretize.CurvilinearMesh([X, Y])
mesh.plotGrid(show_it=True)

(Source code, png, hires.png, pdf)

../../_images/discretize-CurvilinearMesh-1.png

Required Properties:

  • axis_u (Vector3): Vector orientation of u-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default: X

  • axis_v (Vector3): Vector orientation of v-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default: Y

  • axis_w (Vector3): Vector orientation of w-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default: Z

  • nodes (a list of Array): List of arrays describing the node locations, a list (each item is a list or numpy array of <class ‘float’>, <class ‘int’> with shape (*, *) or (*, *, *)) with length between 2 and 3

  • reference_system (String): The type of coordinate reference frame. Can take on the values cartesian, cylindrical, or spherical. Abbreviations of these are allowed., a unicode string, Default: cartesian

  • x0 (Array): origin of the mesh (dim, ), a list or numpy array of <class ‘float’>, <class ‘int’> with shape (*)

Attributes
area

Area of the faces

aveCC2F

Construct the averaging operator on cell centers to faces.

aveCCV2F

Construct the averaging operator on cell centers to faces as a vector.

aveE2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges to cell centers.

aveE2CCV

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges to cell centers.

aveEx2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges in the x direction to cell centers.

aveEy2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges in the y direction to cell centers.

aveEz2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges in the z direction to cell centers.

aveF2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces to cell centers.

aveF2CCV

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces to cell centers.

aveFx2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces in the x direction to cell centers.

aveFy2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces in the y direction to cell centers.

aveFz2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces in the z direction to cell centers.

aveN2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell nodes to cell centers.

aveN2E

Construct the averaging operator on cell nodes to cell edges, keeping each dimension separate.

aveN2F

Construct the averaging operator on cell nodes to cell faces, keeping each dimension separate.

axis_u

axis_u (Vector3): Vector orientation of u-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default: X

axis_v

axis_v (Vector3): Vector orientation of v-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default: Y

axis_w

axis_w (Vector3): Vector orientation of w-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default: Z

cellGrad

The cell centered Gradient, takes you to cell faces.

cellGradBC

The cell centered Gradient boundary condition matrix

cellGradx

Cell centered Gradient in the x dimension.

cellGrady
cellGradz

Cell centered Gradient in the x dimension.

dim

The dimension of the mesh (1, 2, or 3).

edge

Edge lengths

edgeCurl

Construct the 3D curl operator.

faceDiv

Construct divergence operator (face-stg to cell-centres).

faceDivx

Construct divergence operator in the x component (face-stg to cell-centres).

faceDivy
faceDivz

Construct divergence operator in the z component (face-stg to cell-centers).

gridCC

Cell-centered grid

gridEx

Edge staggered grid in the x direction.

gridEy

Edge staggered grid in the y direction.

gridEz

Edge staggered grid in the z direction.

gridFx

Face staggered grid in the x direction.

gridFy

Face staggered grid in the y direction.

gridFz

Face staggered grid in the y direction.

gridN

Nodal grid.

nC

Total number of cells

nCx

Number of cells in the x direction

nCy

Number of cells in the y direction

nCz

Number of cells in the z direction

nE

Total number of edges.

nEx

Number of x-edges

nEy

Number of y-edges

nEz

Number of z-edges

nF

Total number of faces.

nFx

Number of x-faces

nFy

Number of y-faces

nFz

Number of z-faces

nN

Total number of nodes

nNx

Number of nodes in the x-direction

nNy

Number of nodes in the y-direction

nNz

Number of nodes in the z-direction

nodalGrad

Construct gradient operator (nodes to edges).

nodalLaplacian

Construct laplacian operator (nodes to edges).

nodes

nodes (a list of Array): List of arrays describing the node locations, a list (each item is a list or numpy array of <class ‘float’>, <class ‘int’> with shape (*, *) or (*, *, *)) with length between 2 and 3

normals

Face normals: calling this will average the computed normals so that there is one per face.

reference_is_rotated

True if the axes are rotated from the traditional <X,Y,Z> system

reference_system

reference_system (String): The type of coordinate reference frame. Can take on the values cartesian, cylindrical, or spherical. Abbreviations of these are allowed., a unicode string, Default: cartesian

rotation_matrix

Builds a rotation matrix to transform coordinates from their coordinate system into a conventional cartesian system.

tangents

Edge tangents

vnC

Total number of cells in each direction

vnE

Total number of edges in each direction

vnEx

Number of x-edges in each direction

vnEy

Number of y-edges in each direction

vnEz

Number of z-edges in each direction

vnF

Total number of faces in each direction

vnFx

Number of x-faces in each direction

vnFy

Number of y-faces in each direction

vnFz

Number of z-faces in each direction

vnN

Total number of nodes in each direction

vol

Construct cell volumes of the 3D model as 1d array

x0

x0 (Array): origin of the mesh (dim, ), a list or numpy array of <class ‘float’>, <class ‘int’> with shape (*)

Methods

copy

Generic (shallow and deep) copying operations.

plotImage

Examples using discretize.CurvilinearMesh

Attributes

CurvilinearMesh.area

Area of the faces

CurvilinearMesh.aveCC2F

Construct the averaging operator on cell centers to faces.

CurvilinearMesh.aveCCV2F

Construct the averaging operator on cell centers to faces as a vector.

CurvilinearMesh.aveE2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveE2CCV

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveEx2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges in the x direction to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveEy2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges in the y direction to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveEz2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell edges in the z direction to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveF2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveF2CCV

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveFx2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces in the x direction to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveFy2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces in the y direction to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveFz2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell faces in the z direction to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveN2CC

Construct the averaging operator on cell nodes to cell centers.

CurvilinearMesh.aveN2E

Construct the averaging operator on cell nodes to cell edges, keeping each dimension separate.

CurvilinearMesh.aveN2F

Construct the averaging operator on cell nodes to cell faces, keeping each dimension separate.

CurvilinearMesh.axis_u

X

Type

axis_u (Vector3)

Type

Vector orientation of u-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default

CurvilinearMesh.axis_v

Y

Type

axis_v (Vector3)

Type

Vector orientation of v-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default

CurvilinearMesh.axis_w

Z

Type

axis_w (Vector3)

Type

Vector orientation of w-direction. For more details see the docs for the rotation_matrix property., a 3D Vector of <class ‘float’> with shape (3), Default

CurvilinearMesh.cellGrad

The cell centered Gradient, takes you to cell faces.

CurvilinearMesh.cellGradBC

The cell centered Gradient boundary condition matrix

CurvilinearMesh.cellGradx

Cell centered Gradient in the x dimension. Has neumann boundary conditions.

CurvilinearMesh.cellGrady
CurvilinearMesh.cellGradz

Cell centered Gradient in the x dimension. Has neumann boundary conditions.

CurvilinearMesh.dim

The dimension of the mesh (1, 2, or 3).

Returns

dimension of the mesh

Return type

int

CurvilinearMesh.edge

Edge lengths

CurvilinearMesh.edgeCurl

Construct the 3D curl operator.

CurvilinearMesh.faceDiv

Construct divergence operator (face-stg to cell-centres).

CurvilinearMesh.faceDivx

Construct divergence operator in the x component (face-stg to cell-centres).

CurvilinearMesh.faceDivy
CurvilinearMesh.faceDivz

Construct divergence operator in the z component (face-stg to cell-centers).

CurvilinearMesh.gridCC

Cell-centered grid

CurvilinearMesh.gridEx

Edge staggered grid in the x direction.

CurvilinearMesh.gridEy

Edge staggered grid in the y direction.

CurvilinearMesh.gridEz

Edge staggered grid in the z direction.

CurvilinearMesh.gridFx

Face staggered grid in the x direction.

CurvilinearMesh.gridFy

Face staggered grid in the y direction.

CurvilinearMesh.gridFz

Face staggered grid in the y direction.

CurvilinearMesh.gridN

Nodal grid.

CurvilinearMesh.nC

Total number of cells

Return type

int

Returns

nC

CurvilinearMesh.nCx

Number of cells in the x direction

Return type

int

Returns

nCx

CurvilinearMesh.nCy

Number of cells in the y direction

Return type

int

Returns

nCy or None if dim < 2

CurvilinearMesh.nCz

Number of cells in the z direction

Return type

int

Returns

nCz or None if dim < 3

CurvilinearMesh.nE

Total number of edges.

Returns

nE

Return type

int = sum([nEx, nEy, nEz])

CurvilinearMesh.nEx

Number of x-edges

Return type

int

Returns

nEx

CurvilinearMesh.nEy

Number of y-edges

Return type

int

Returns

nEy

CurvilinearMesh.nEz

Number of z-edges

Return type

int

Returns

nEz

CurvilinearMesh.nF

Total number of faces.

Return type

int

Returns

sum([nFx, nFy, nFz])

CurvilinearMesh.nFx

Number of x-faces

Return type

int

Returns

nFx

CurvilinearMesh.nFy

Number of y-faces

Return type

int

Returns

nFy

CurvilinearMesh.nFz

Number of z-faces

Return type

int

Returns

nFz

CurvilinearMesh.nN

Total number of nodes

Return type

int

Returns

nN

CurvilinearMesh.nNx

Number of nodes in the x-direction

Return type

int

Returns

nNx

CurvilinearMesh.nNy

Number of nodes in the y-direction

Return type

int

Returns

nNy or None if dim < 2

CurvilinearMesh.nNz

Number of nodes in the z-direction

Return type

int

Returns

nNz or None if dim < 3

CurvilinearMesh.nodalGrad

Construct gradient operator (nodes to edges).

CurvilinearMesh.nodalLaplacian

Construct laplacian operator (nodes to edges).

CurvilinearMesh.nodes

List of arrays describing the node locations, a list (each item is a list or numpy array of <class ‘float’>, <class ‘int’> with shape (*, *) or (*, *, *)) with length between 2 and 3

Type

nodes (a list of Array)

CurvilinearMesh.normals

calling this will average the computed normals so that there is one per face. This is especially relevant in 3D, as there are up to 4 different normals for each face that will be different.

To reshape the normals into a matrix and get the y component:

NyX, NyY, NyZ = M.r(M.normals, 'F', 'Fy', 'M')
Type

Face normals

CurvilinearMesh.reference_is_rotated

True if the axes are rotated from the traditional <X,Y,Z> system with vectors of \((1,0,0)\), \((0,1,0)\), and \((0,0,1)\)

CurvilinearMesh.reference_system

cartesian

Type

reference_system (String)

Type

The type of coordinate reference frame. Can take on the values cartesian, cylindrical, or spherical. Abbreviations of these are allowed., a unicode string, Default

CurvilinearMesh.rotation_matrix

Builds a rotation matrix to transform coordinates from their coordinate system into a conventional cartesian system. This is built off of the three axis_u, axis_v, and axis_w properties; these mapping coordinates use the letters U, V, and W (the three letters preceding X, Y, and Z in the alphabet) to define the projection of the X, Y, and Z durections. These UVW vectors describe the placement and transformation of the mesh’s coordinate sytem assuming at most 3 directions.

Why would you want to use these UVW mapping vectors the this rotation_matrix property? They allow us to define the realationship between local and global coordinate systems and provide a tool for switching between the two while still maintaing the connectivity of the mesh’s cells. For a visual example of this, please see the figure in the docs for the InterfaceVTK.

CurvilinearMesh.tangents

Edge tangents

CurvilinearMesh.vnC

Total number of cells in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

[nCx, nCy, nCz]

CurvilinearMesh.vnE

Total number of edges in each direction

Returns

  • vnE (numpy.ndarray = [nEx, nEy, nEz], (dim, ))

  • .. plot:: – :include-source:

    import discretize import numpy as np M = discretize.TensorMesh([np.ones(n) for n in [2,3]]) M.plotGrid(edges=True, show_it=True)

CurvilinearMesh.vnEx

Number of x-edges in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

vnEx

CurvilinearMesh.vnEy

Number of y-edges in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

vnEy or None if dim < 2

CurvilinearMesh.vnEz

Number of z-edges in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

vnEz or None if dim < 3

CurvilinearMesh.vnF

Total number of faces in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

[nFx, nFy, nFz], (dim, )

import discretize
import numpy as np
M = discretize.TensorMesh([np.ones(n) for n in [2,3]])
M.plotGrid(faces=True, show_it=True)

(Source code, png, hires.png, pdf)

../../_images/discretize-CurvilinearMesh-2.png
CurvilinearMesh.vnFx

Number of x-faces in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

vnFx

CurvilinearMesh.vnFy

Number of y-faces in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

vnFy or None if dim < 2

CurvilinearMesh.vnFz

Number of z-faces in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

vnFz or None if dim < 3

CurvilinearMesh.vnN

Total number of nodes in each direction

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

[nNx, nNy, nNz]

CurvilinearMesh.vol

Construct cell volumes of the 3D model as 1d array

CurvilinearMesh.x0

origin of the mesh (dim, ), a list or numpy array of <class ‘float’>, <class ‘int’> with shape (*)

Type

x0 (Array)

Methods

CurvilinearMesh.copy()

Make a copy of the current mesh

classmethod CurvilinearMesh.deserialize(value, trusted=False, strict=False, assert_valid=False, **kwargs)

Creates HasProperties instance from serialized dictionary

This uses the Property deserializers to deserialize all JSON-compatible dictionary values into their corresponding Property values on a new instance of a HasProperties class. Extra keys in the dictionary that do not correspond to Properties will be ignored.

Parameters:

  • value - Dictionary to deserialize new instance from.

  • trusted - If True (and if the input dictionary has '__class__' keyword and this class is in the registry), the new HasProperties class will come from the dictionary. If False (the default), only the HasProperties class this method is called on will be constructed.

  • strict - Requires '__class__', if present on the input dictionary, to match the deserialized instance’s class. Also disallows unused properties in the input dictionary. Default is False.

  • assert_valid - Require deserialized instance to be valid. Default is False.

  • Any other keyword arguments will be passed through to the Property deserializers.

CurvilinearMesh.equal(other)

Determine if two HasProperties instances are equivalent

Equivalence is determined by checking if all Property values on two instances are equal, using Property.equal.

static CurvilinearMesh.from_omf(element)

Convert an OMF element to it’s proper discretize type. Automatically determines the output type. Returns both the mesh and a dictionary of model arrays.

CurvilinearMesh.getBCProjWF(BC, discretization='CC')

The weak form boundary condition projection matrices.

Examples

# Neumann in all directions
BC = 'neumann'

# 3D, Dirichlet in y Neumann else
BC = ['neumann', 'dirichlet', 'neumann']

# 3D, Neumann in x on bottom of domain, Dirichlet else
BC = [['neumann', 'dirichlet'], 'dirichlet', 'dirichlet']
CurvilinearMesh.getBCProjWF_simple(discretization='CC')

The weak form boundary condition projection matrices when mixed boundary condition is used

CurvilinearMesh.getEdgeInnerProduct(prop=None, invProp=False, invMat=False, doFast=True)

Generate the edge inner product matrix

Parameters
  • prop (numpy.ndarray) – material property (tensor properties are possible) at each cell center (nC, (1, 3, or 6))

  • invProp (bool) – inverts the material property

  • invMat (bool) – inverts the matrix

  • doFast (bool) – do a faster implementation if available.

Returns

M, the inner product matrix (nE, nE)

Return type

scipy.sparse.csr_matrix

CurvilinearMesh.getEdgeInnerProductDeriv(prop, doFast=True, invProp=False, invMat=False)
Parameters
  • prop (numpy.ndarray) – material property (tensor properties are possible) at each cell center (nC, (1, 3, or 6))

  • doFast (bool) – do a faster implementation if available.

  • invProp (bool) – inverts the material property

  • invMat (bool) – inverts the matrix

Returns

dMdm, the derivative of the inner product matrix (nE, nC*nA)

Return type

scipy.sparse.csr_matrix

CurvilinearMesh.getFaceInnerProduct(prop=None, invProp=False, invMat=False, doFast=True)

Generate the face inner product matrix

Parameters
  • prop (numpy.ndarray) – material property (tensor properties are possible) at each cell center (nC, (1, 3, or 6))

  • invProp (bool) – inverts the material property

  • invMat (bool) – inverts the matrix

  • doFast (bool) – do a faster implementation if available.

Returns

M, the inner product matrix (nF, nF)

Return type

scipy.sparse.csr_matrix

CurvilinearMesh.getFaceInnerProductDeriv(prop, doFast=True, invProp=False, invMat=False)
Parameters
  • prop (numpy.ndarray) – material property (tensor properties are possible) at each cell center (nC, (1, 3, or 6))

  • doFast – bool do a faster implementation if available.

  • invProp (bool) – inverts the material property

  • invMat (bool) – inverts the matrix

Returns

dMdmu(u), the derivative of the inner product matrix for a certain u

Return type

scipy.sparse.csr_matrix

CurvilinearMesh.plotGrid(ax=None, nodes=False, faces=False, centers=False, edges=False, lines=True, show_it=False, **kwargs)

Plot the nodal, cell-centered and staggered grids for 1, 2 and 3 dimensions.

import discretize
X, Y = discretize.utils.exampleLrmGrid([3, 3], 'rotate')
M = discretize.CurvilinearMesh([X, Y])
M.plotGrid(show_it=True)

(Source code, png, hires.png, pdf)

../../_images/discretize-CurvilinearMesh-3.png
CurvilinearMesh.plotImage(v, v_type='CC', grid=False, view='real', ax=None, clim=None, show_it=False, pcolor_opts=None, grid_opts=None, range_x=None, range_y=None, **kwargs)
CurvilinearMesh.projectEdgeVector(eV)

Given a vector, eV, in cartesian coordinates, this will project it onto the mesh using the tangents

Parameters

eV (numpy.ndarray) – edge vector with shape (nE, dim)

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

projected edge vector, (nE, )

CurvilinearMesh.projectFaceVector(fV)

Given a vector, fV, in cartesian coordinates, this will project it onto the mesh using the normals

Parameters

fV (numpy.ndarray) – face vector with shape (nF, dim)

Return type

numpy.ndarray

Returns

projected face vector, (nF, )

CurvilinearMesh.r(x, xType='CC', outType='CC', format='V')

r is a quick reshape command that will do the best it can at giving you what you want.

For example, you have a face variable, and you want the x component of it reshaped to a 3D matrix.

r can fulfil your dreams:

mesh.r(V, 'F', 'Fx', 'M')
       |   |     |    |
       |   |     |    {
       |   |     |      How: 'M' or ['V'] for a matrix
       |   |     |      (ndgrid style) or a vector (n x dim)
       |   |     |    }
       |   |     {
       |   |       What you want: ['CC'], 'N',
       |   |                       'F', 'Fx', 'Fy', 'Fz',
       |   |                       'E', 'Ex', 'Ey', or 'Ez'
       |   |     }
       |   {
       |     What is it: ['CC'], 'N',
       |                  'F', 'Fx', 'Fy', 'Fz',
       |                  'E', 'Ex', 'Ey', or 'Ez'
       |   }
       {
         The input: as a list or ndarray
       }

For example:

# Separates each component of the Ex grid into 3 matrices
Xex, Yex, Zex = r(mesh.gridEx, 'Ex', 'Ex', 'M')

# Given an edge vector, return just the x edges as a vector
XedgeVector = r(edgeVector, 'E', 'Ex', 'V')

# Separates each component of the edgeVector into 3 vectors
eX, eY, eZ = r(edgeVector, 'E', 'E', 'V')
CurvilinearMesh.save(filename='mesh.json', verbose=False)

Save the mesh to json :param str file: filename for saving the casing properties :param str directory: working directory for saving the file

CurvilinearMesh.serialize(include_class=True, save_dynamic=False, **kwargs)

Serializes a HasProperties instance to dictionary

This uses the Property serializers to serialize all Property values to a JSON-compatible dictionary. Properties that are undefined are not included. If the HasProperties instance contains a reference to itself, a properties.SelfReferenceError will be raised.

Parameters:

  • include_class - If True (the default), the name of the class will also be saved to the serialized dictionary under key '__class__'

  • save_dynamic - If True, dynamic properties are written to the serialized dict (default: False).

  • Any other keyword arguments will be passed through to the Property serializers.

CurvilinearMesh.setCellGradBC(BC)

Function that sets the boundary conditions for cell-centred derivative operators.

Examples

..code:: python

# Neumann in all directions BC = ‘neumann’

# 3D, Dirichlet in y Neumann else BC = [‘neumann’, ‘dirichlet’, ‘neumann’]

# 3D, Neumann in x on bottom of domain, Dirichlet else BC = [[‘neumann’, ‘dirichlet’], ‘dirichlet’, ‘dirichlet’]

CurvilinearMesh.toVTK(models=None)

Convert this mesh object to it’s proper VTK or pyvista data object with the given model dictionary as the cell data of that dataset.

Parameters

models (dict(numpy.ndarray)) – Name(‘s) and array(‘s). Match number of cells

CurvilinearMesh.to_omf(models=None)

Convert this mesh object to it’s proper omf data object with the given model dictionary as the cell data of that dataset.

Parameters

models (dict(numpy.ndarray)) – Name(‘s) and array(‘s). Match number of cells

CurvilinearMesh.to_vtk(models=None)

Convert this mesh object to it’s proper VTK or pyvista data object with the given model dictionary as the cell data of that dataset.

Parameters

models (dict(numpy.ndarray)) – Name(‘s) and array(‘s). Match number of cells

CurvilinearMesh.validate()

Call all registered class validator methods

These are all methods decorated with @properties.validator. Validator methods are expected to raise a ValidationError if they fail.

CurvilinearMesh.writeVTK(filename, models=None, directory='')

Makes and saves a VTK object from this mesh and given models

Parameters
  • filename (str) – path to the output vtk file or just its name if directory is specified

  • models (dict) – dictionary of numpy.array - Name(‘s) and array(‘s). Match number of cells

  • directory (str) – directory where the UBC GIF file lives

CurvilinearMesh.write_vtk(filename, models=None, directory='')

Makes and saves a VTK object from this mesh and given models

Parameters
  • filename (str) – path to the output vtk file or just its name if directory is specified

  • models (dict) – dictionary of numpy.array - Name(‘s) and array(‘s). Match number of cells

  • directory (str) – directory where the UBC GIF file lives